What Are Export Controls?
Export controls are US laws and regulations that regulate the distribution of technology, services and information to foreign nationals and foreign countries for reasons including foreign policy and national security.
Export controls usually arise for one or more of the following reasons:
- The nature of the export has actual or potential military applications or economic protection issues
- Government concerns about the destination country, organization, or individual
- Government concerns about the declared or suspected end use or end user of the export
Since 9/11, the Federal government has increasingly viewed export control regulations as a means to potentially guard against terrorism and other threats. As a result, there is renewed focus on compliance and enforcement of these regulations, in particular at universities.